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In the era of mechanical reperfusion, HEMS can be a powerful instrument for improving acute stroke delivery and research that is currently underutilized. The speed of HEMS may allow reperfusion for a large number of patients that would not have immediate access due to geography or traffic congestion. Also, HEMS critical early time period after a stroke where specific interventions to preserve penumbra and prevent reperfusion injury may have a significant influence on outcomes. The impact of physical factors generated by the helicopter on the ischemic brain needs to be studied. HEMS are also an opportunity to increase recruitment of patients in standard clinical trials. Addressing the HEMS stroke gap is necessary to homogenize the delivery of acute stroke care and research capabilities through all care settings, therefore minimizing disparities in outcomes based in geographical location.

European Stroke Journal Sept 2016

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icaro3

The aim of the ICARO-3 study was to evaluate whether intra-arterial treatment, compared to intravenous thrombolysis, increases the rate of favourable functional outcome at 3 months in acute ischemic stroke and extracranial ICA occlusion. ICARO-3 was a non-randomized therapeutic trial that performed a non-blind assessment of outcomes using retrospective data collected prospectively from 37 centres in 7 countries. Patients treated with endovascular treatment within 6 h from stroke onset (cases) were matched with patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis within 4.5 h from symptom onset (controls). Patients receiving either intravenous or endovascular therapy were included among the cases. The efficacy outcome was disability at 90 days assessed by the modified Rankin Scale (mRS), dichotomized as favourable (score of 0-2) or unfavourable (score of 3-6). Safety outcomes were death and any intracranial bleeding. Included in the analysis were 324 cases and 324 controls: 105 cases (32.4 %) had a favourable outcome as compared with 89 controls (27.4 %) [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.25, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.88-1.79, p = 0.1]. In the adjusted analysis, treatment with intra-arterial procedures was significantly associated with a reduction of mortality (OR 0.61, 95 % CI 0.40-0.93, p = 0.022). The rates of patients with severe disability or death (mRS 5-6) were similar in cases and controls (30.5 versus 32.4 %, p = 0.67). For the ordinal analysis, adjusted for age, sex, NIHSS, presence of diabetes mellitus and atrial fibrillation, the common odds ratio was 1.15 (95 % IC 0.86-1.54), p = 0.33. There were more cases of intracranial bleeding (37.0 versus 17.3 %, p = 0.0001) in the intra-arterial procedure group than in the intravenous group. After the exclusion of the 135 cases treated with the combination of I.V. thrombolysis and I.A. procedures, 67/189 of those treated with I.A. procedures (35.3 %) had a favourable outcome, compared to 89/324 of those treated with I.V. thrombolysis (27.4 %) (adjusted OR 1.75, 95 % CI 1.00-3.03, p = 0.05). Endovascular treatment of patients with acute ICA occlusion did not result in a better functional outcome than treatment with intravenous thrombolysis, but was associated with a higher rate of intracranial bleeding. Overall mortality was significantly reduced in patients treated with endovascular treatment but the rates of patients with severe disability or death were similar. When excluding all patients treated with the combination of I.V. thrombolysis and I.A. procedures, a potential benefit of I.A. treatment alone compared to I.V. thrombolysis was observed.

TICH-2 trial – Tranexamic acid for IntraCerebral Haemorrhage 2

investigator meeting italy , Mantova 19 Nov 2014 hosting Alfonso Ciccone

  • The trial is funded by the NIHR HTA
  • The trial opened in March 2013 and will run until February 2017
  • The University of Nottingham is acting as trial sponsor
  • The trial is live and recruitment is ongoing, with 682 participants so far
  • Start up phase — March 2013
  • Main phase — April 2014
  • New sites welcome in the UK and internationally

For further information please contact us.

Trial Manager: Hayley Foster <hayley.foster@nottingham.ac.uk>
Chief Investigator: Dr Nikola Sprigg <nikola.sprigg@nottingham.ac.uk>
Nottingham Stroke Trials Office:

IST-3 Bibliography: published full papers in peer-reviewed journals

  1.  Innes K. Thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke: core nursing requirements. British Journal of Nursing 2003;12(7):416-24
  2. Kane I, Lindley R, Lewis S, Sandercock P. Impact of stroke syndrome and stroke severity on the process of consent in the Third International Stroke Trial. Cerebrovascular Diseases 2006;21:348-52

http://content.karger.com/ProdukteDB/produkte.asp?Aktion=ShowPDF&ArtikelNr=91541&Ausgabe=231712&ProduktNr=224153&filename=91541.pdf

  1. Whiteley W, Lindley R, Wardlaw J, Sandercock P. Third International Stroke Trial. Int J Stroke. 2006;1:172-6.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-4949.2006.00043.x/full

  1. Sandercock P, Lindley R, Wardlaw J, Protocol 06PRT/1269: Third International Stroke Trial (IST-3). Lancet

     http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/misc/protocol/06PRT-1269.

  1. Wardlaw JM, Bath P, Sandercock P, Perry D, Palmer J, Watson G, Lloyd S, Geddes J, Farrall A. The NeuroGrid stroke exemplar clinical trial protocol. Int J Stroke. 2007;2:63-9 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-4949.2007.00092.x/full
  2. The third international stroke trial (IST-3) of thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke. Sandercock P, Lindley R, Wardlaw J, Dennis M, Lewis S, Venables G, Kobayashi A, Czlonkowska A, Berge E, Bruins Slot K, Murray V, Peeters A, Hankey G, Matz K, Brainin M, Ricci S, Celani MG, Righetti E, Cantisani T, Gubitz G, Phillips S, Arauz A, Prasad K, Correia M, Lyrer P; the IST-3 collaborative group. Trials 2008;9(1):37. http://www.trialsjournal.com/content/9/1/37
  3. SCOPE (Stroke Complications and Outcomes Prediction Engine) Collaborations and IST. Predicting outcome in hyper-acute stroke: validation of a prognostic model in the Third International Stroke Trial (IST3). JNNP 2008;79:397-400

http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/79/4/397.full.pdf+html

  1. EPITHET-where next? Sandercock P, Wardlaw J, Dennis M, Lindley R, Hankey G, Matz K, Peeters A, Phillips S, Gubitz G, Prasad K, Ricci S, Celani MG, Righetti E, Cantisani T, Arauz A, Berge E, Slot KB, Kobayashi A, Czlonkowska A, Correia M, Murray V, Lyrer P, Venables G; IST-3 Collaborative Group. Lancet Neurology 2008;7(7):570-1.

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laneur/article/PIIS1474-4422(08)70123-6/fulltext

  1. Oxfordshire community stroke project clinical stroke syndrome and appearances of tissue and vascular lesions on pre-treatment CT in hyper-acute ischemic stroke among the first 510 patients in the Third International Stroke Trial (IST-3). Kobayashi A, Wardlaw J, Lindley R, Lewis S, Sandercock P, Czlonkowska A; IST-3 Collaborative Group.Stroke 2009;40(3):743-8.

http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/40/3/743.full

  1. Should more patients with acute ischaemic stroke receive thrombolytic treatment? Wardlaw J, Murray V, Sandercock P,BMJ 2009; 339.      http://www.bmj.com/content/339/bmj.b4584
  2. The Third International Stroke Trial: Thrombolysis (IST-3) in Poland: are we recruiting the right patients? Czlonkowska A, Kobayashi A, Lewis S, Sandercock P, Lindley R, Baranska-Gieruszczak M on behalf of the IST-3 collaborative group. Polish Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery. 2009; 43, 3:228-235.

http://www.termedia.pl/Original-paper-The-Third-International-Stroke-Trial-Thrombolysis-IST-3-in-Poland-are-we-recruiting-the-right-patients-,15,12742,0,1.html

  1. Update on the third international stroke trial (IST-3) of thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke and baseline features of the 3035 patients recruited. Sandercock P, Lindley R, Wardlaw J, Dennis M, Lewis S, Venables G, Kobayashi A, Czlonkowska A, Berge E, Bruins Slot K, Murray V, Peeters A, Hankey G, Matz K, Brainin M, Ricci S, Celani MG, Righetti E, Cantisani T, Gubitz G, Phillips S, Arauz A, Prasad K, Correia M, Lyrer P; the IST-3 collaborative group. Trials2011, 12:252

http://www.trialsjournal.com/content/12/1/252

  1. How many patients might receive thrombolytic therapy in the light of the ECASS-3 and IST-3 data? Jan Bembenek, Adam Kobayashi, Peter Sandercock, Anna Czlonkowska. Int J Stroke 2010; 5:428–431.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-4949.2010.00479.x/full

  1. ‘Where are we now with intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke’? Peter Sandercock, Joanna Wardlaw, and Richard Lindley. Int J Stroke 2010; 5: 381–382: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-4949.2010.00465.x/abstract
  2. Statistical analysis plan for the third International Stroke Trial (IST-3); part of a ‘thread’ of reports of the trial. Int J Stroke 2012; 7: 186–18. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-4949.2012.00782.x/full
  3. The IST-3 Collaborative Group. The benefits and harms of intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator within 6 h of acute ischaemic stroke (the third international stroke trial [IST-3]): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2012; 379(9834):2352-2363.

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)60768-5/fulltext

  1. Wardlaw J M, Murray V, Berge E, del Z G, Sandercock P, Lindley R L et al. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for acute ischaemic stroke: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet 2012; 379(9834):2364-2372. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)60738-7/fulltext
  2. IST-3 Collaborative Group. Effect of thrombolysis with alteplase within 6h of acute ischaemic stroke on long-term outcomes (the third international stroke trial [IST-3]): 18-month follow-up of a randomised controlled trial. Lancet Neurology 2013;12:768-76. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(13)70130-3.

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laneur/article/PIIS1474-4422(13)70130-3/fulltext

  1. Whiteley WN, Thompson D, Murray G, Cohen G, Lindley RI, Wardlaw J, Sandercock P. Targeting recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator in acute ischemic stroke based on risk of intracranial hemorrhage or poor functional outcome. An analysis of the Third International Stroke trial. Stroke 2014;45:1000-6: http://dx.doi.org/1161/STROKEAHA.113.004362
  2. Whiteley WN, Thompson D, Murray G, Cohen G, Lindley RI, Wardlaw J et al. Effect of Alteplase Within 6 Hours of Acute Ischemic Stroke on All-Cause Mortality (Third International Stroke Trial). Stroke Published online before print November 4, 2014, http://dx.doi.org/1161/STROKEAHA.114.006890
  3. Mair G, von Kummer R, Adami A, White PM, Adams ME, Yan B et al. Observer reliability of CT angiography in the assessment of acute ischaemic stroke: data from the Third International Stroke Trial. Neuroradiology 2014 October 7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-014-1441-0
  4. Impact of treatment delay, age and stroke severity of the effects of intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase in acute ischaemic stroke: an individual participant data meta-analysis of randomised trials Emberson J and the Stroke Thrombolysis Trialists Collaboration Lancet. 2014 Aug 5. pii: S0140-6736(14)60584-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60584-5 .
  5. Mair G, Boyd EV, Chappell FM, von Kummer R, Lindley RI, Sandercock P, Wardlaw JM IST-3 Collaborative Group. Sensitivity and specificity of the Hyperdense Artery Sign for arterial obstruction in acute ischemic stroke Stroke (in press)
  6. Lindley RI, Wardlaw JM, Whiteley W, Cohen G, Blackwell B, Murray G, Sandercock P & the IST-3 Collaborative Group. Alteplase for acute ischemic stroke: outcomes by clinically important subgroups in the Third International Stroke Trial Stroke (submitted for publication)

Link to video of public lecture on stroke and thrombolysis by Peter Sandercock

http://www.ed.ac.uk/schools-departments/clinical-brain-sciences/news/latest-news/public-lectures-epilepsy-stroke

Editorials and commentaries on IST-3 since 2012

 

  1. Lyden PD. In anticipation of International Stroke Trial-3 (IST-3). Stroke 2012;43:1691-4
  2. Leys L, Cordonnier C. rt-PA for ischaemic stroke: what will the next question be?. Lancet 2012;379:2320-1
  3. Donnan GA, Davis SM. IST-3: a major contribution to thrombolysis research. International Journal of Stroke 2012;7:566-7
  4. Furlan AJ. IST-3: no pragmatic answers. International Journal of Stroke 2012;7:568-9
  5. Hoffman JR, Cooper RJ. How is more negative evidence being used to support claims of benefit: the curious case of the international stroke trial (IST-3). Emergency Medicine Australasia 2012;24:473-6
  6. Fatovich DM. Believing is seeing: stroke thrombolysis remains unproven after the third international stroke trial (IST-3). Emergency Medicine Australasia 2012;24:477-9
  7. Kleinig TJ, Churilov L, Parsch CS, Dewey HM, Barber PA. Stroke thrombolysis and the third international stroke trial: examining “the totality of the evidence”. Emergency Medicine Australasia 2012;25:107-9
  8. Hughes S. IST-3: tPA benefits sustained out to 18 months. Medscape. 2013. Article ID 806690. [http://www.medscape.com]
  9. Anderson C. Thrombolysis with alteplase after stroke: extending outcomes. Lancet Neurology 2013;12:731-2
  10. Evidence and doubt in the translation of research into care. Lancet 2014;384:638

Correspondence since 2012

 

  1. Fatovich DM, MacDonald SP, Brown SG, Smith B, Newman DH, Shreves AE, Barer D, Durtis D, Sandercock P, Wardlaw J, Dennis M, Murray G, Lindley R. Thrombolysis in acute ischaemic stroke. Lancet 2012;380:1053-5
  2. Shinton R, Sandercock P, Wardlaw JM, Hudson I. Questions about authorisation of alteplase for ischaemic stroke. Lancet 2014;384:659-63
  3. Dai Q, Sun W, Liu X,Whiteley WN, Thompson D, Sandercock P. Letter by Dai et al regarding article “Targeting recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator in acute ischemic stroke based on risk of intracranial hemorrhage or poor functional outcome: an analysis of the Third International Stroke Trial”. Stroke 2014;45:e132-3

 

Abstracts published since trial results made public in 2012

  1. Sandercock P, Wardlaw JM, Lindley RI, Dennis MS, Cohen G. The third international stroke trial (IST-3) main results part I: primary and secondary outcomes among 3035 patients randomised. Cerebrovascular Diseases 2012;33 Suppl 2:16
  2. Lindley RI, Sandercock P, Wardlaw JW, Dennis MS, Cohen G. The third international stroke trial (IST-3) of thrombolysis main results III. Effect of iv thrombolysis with iv t-PA on death or dependency in the 3035 patients randomized: subgroup analysis. Cerebrovascular Diseases 2012;33(suppl 2):79 (Abst.1) [Ref 19448]
  3. Roots A, Birns J, Bhalla A, Rudd A. Nurse-led telemedicine-directed hyper-acute stroke trial randomisation and management of post-thrombolysis anaphylaxis. Cerebrovascular Diseases 2012;33(suppl 2):477-8 (Abst.2022) [Ref 19403]
  4. Farrall A, Wardlaw J, Sandercock P, Lindley R, Cohen G, von Kummer R, et al. The third international stroke trial (IST-3) of intravenous thrombolysis with rt-PA: baseline imaging features among 3035 patients randomised. International Journal of Stroke 2012;7 Suppl 2:61-2 (Abst.142)
  5. Sandercock P; IST-3 Collaborative Group. The Third International Stroke Trial (IST-3) of thrombolysis. Main results & implications for clinical practice. Cerebrovascular Diseases 2012;34 Suppl 1:6-7 (Abst.S5-1)
  6. Sandercock PAG, Wardlaw JM, Lindley RI, Cohen G; IST3 collaborative group. The third international stroke trial (IST-3) of intravenous rt-PA: effect of age and time on treatment effect among 3035 patients randomised. International Journal of Stroke 2012;7 Suppl 2:6
  7. Lindley RI, Sandercock PA, Wardlaw JM, Dennis MS, Cohen G, IST-3 Collaborative Group. Third international stroke trial (IST-3): subgroup effects of iv rt-PA < 6 hrs in acute ischemic stroke on symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage and outcome at 6 months. Stroke 2013;44 (Abst.TMP23)
  8. Sandercock PA, Wardlaw JM, Lindley RI, Dennis MS, IST-3 Collaborative Group. Third international stroke trial (IST-3): effect of iv rt-pa < 6 hours in acute ischaemic stroke on living circumstances and health related quality of life at six months. Stroke 2013;44 (Abst.WMP22)]
  9. Wardlaw J, Carpenter T, von Kummer R, Cohen G, Lindley R, Sandercock P. Perfusion imaging in patients randomised to rt-PA or control in the third international stroke trial (IST-3): baseline characteristics and association with outcome. Stroke 2013;44 (Abst.A10)
  10. Wardlaw J, von Kummer R, Farrall A, Cala L, von Heijne A, Peeters A, etal. The impact of ischemic and structural brain tissue changes on response to rt-PA: an analysis of imaging from 3035 patients in the third international stroke trial. Stroke 2013;44 (Abst.A104)
  11. Sandercock P, Wardlaw J, Dennis M, Cohen G, Whiteley W, Lindley, et al. Impact of thrombolysis on important aspects of daily life at 18 months in the third International Stroke Trial (IST-3). International Journal of Stroke 2013;8 Suppl 3:4
  12. Whiteley WN, Cohen G, Wardlaw J, Lindley R, Sandercock PAG. IST-3 trial: impact of rt-PA on survival to 18 months post ischaemic stroke. Cerebrovascular Diseases 2013;35(Suppl 3):19 (Abst.6)
  13. Sandercock PAG, Lindley RI, Wardlaw JM, Dennis MS, Cohen G. The third international stroke trial (IST-3): benefits of iv thrombolysis on functional outcome and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) persist to 18 months after treatment. Cerebrovascular Diseases 2013;35(Suppl 3):34 (Abst.4)
  14. Wardlaw JM, Carpenter T, Cohen G, von Kimmer R, Lindley R, Sandercock P. Does perfusion imaging lesion size or mismatch influence six month outcomes after rt-PA given up to six hours after acute ischaemic stroke? The third International Stroke Trial (IST-3). Cerebrovascular Diseases 2013;35(Suppl 3):111 (Abst.12)
  15. Whiteley WN, Thompson D, Cohen G, Lindley R, Wardlaw JM, Sandercock PAG. Predictions of intracranial haemorrhage and the risks and benefits of rtPA in acute ischaemic stroke: an analysis of the IST-3 trial. Cerebrovascular Diseases 2013;35(Suppl 3):169 (Abst.4)
  16. Mair G, Wardlaw JM, Sandercock P, Lindley R, von Kummer R. Combining CT angiography with non-contrast CT to predict infarct on follow up CT in acute ischaemic stroke. Substudy analysis of imaging from the third International Stroke Trial (IST-3). Cerebrovascular Diseases 2013;35(Suppl 3):237 (Abst.15)
  17. Mair G, Wardlaw JM, Sandercock P, Lindley R, von Kummer R, Farrall AJ. Association of non-contrast CT and CT angiography with baseline clinical deficit and functional outcome. Substudy analysis of imaging from the third International Stroke Trial (IST-3). Cerebrovascular Diseases 2013;35(Suppl 3):405 (Abst.226)
  18. Sakka E, Perry D, Buchanan D, Innes K, Sandercock P, Lindley RI, Wardlaw JM. Medical image management for multicentre trials. Experience from the Third International Stroke Trial (IST-3) with 6576 scans. Cerebrovascular Diseases 2013;35(Suppl 3):562 (Abst.24)
  19. Mair G, Wardlaw JM, von Kummer R, Sandercock PA. Response to thrombolysis treatment in ischemic stroke patients with and without arterial occlusion on computed tomographic angiography: the Third International Stroke Trial. Stroke 2014;45(Suppl 1) (Abst.A6)
  20. Khatri P, Tayama D, Cohen G, Lindley RI, Wardlaw JM, Yeatts SD, et al. Effect of IV rtPA in mild strokes in the third international stroke trial (IST3): a post hoc analysis. Stroke 2014;45(Suppl 1) (Abst.ATMP21)

 

 

 

Background

The SOCRATES study compares ticagrelor versus aspirin for the prevention of major vascular events in patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack [1,2].

Image

SOCRATES (Acute Stroke Or Transient IsChaemic Attack TReated with Aspirin or Ticagrelor and Patient OutcomES) is a global clinical trial involving 9,600 patients who have experienced an acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Annually, 15 million people worldwide suffer a stroke of this type. Ischemic strokes occur as a result of an obstruction of a vessel supplying blood to the brain. A TIA is secondary to a temporary insufficient blood supply to parts of the brain and is often considered a warning sign that a stroke may follow.

SOCRATES is a randomized, parallel group study evaluating the efficacy of ticagrelor compared to aspirin in reducing major vascular events (composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction [MI], and stroke) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (NIHSS ≤ 5) and TIA.

Also announced today is the initiation of THEMIS (Effect of Ticagrelor on Health Outcomes in DiabEtes Mellitus Patients Intervention Study), a global clinical trial involving 17,000 patients with Type 2 diabetes at high risk of cardiovascular (CV) events. Of the 340 million people who suffer from the disease, 90 percent have type 2 diabetes and 50 percent of whom die from CV disease.

“A major goal of treating patients with diabetes is to reduce their cardiovascular risk,” said THEMIS study co-chair Deepak L. Bhatt, MD, MPH, Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Senior Physician at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

“THEMIS will allow us to test a bold new strategy in the care of patients with diabetes who are at high risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular death,” stated THEMIS study co-chair Ph. Gabriel Steg, MD, Professor of Medicine at Université Paris-Diderot and Director of the Coronary Care Unit at Hôpital Bichat.

THEMIS is an event-driven, randomized, parallel group study evaluating the efficacy of long-term treatment with ticagrelor versus placebo for the prevention of major CV events – the composite of CV death, MI or stroke – in patients with Type 2 diabetes without a history of previous MI or stroke but with documented coronary atherosclerosis.

SOCRATES and THEMIS will be monitored by Independent Data Monitoring Committees who will review the safety and efficacy of treatments in these trials. The trials will be conducted in accordance with Good Clinical Practice. Both studies will be posted on clinicaltrials.gov in the near future.

AstraZeneca is currently collaborating with over 4,000 clinical investigators in more than 30 countries as part of the PARTHENON program, and has established partnerships with a number of pre-eminent research institutions. Other studies in the PARTHENON program include PEGASUS, studying BRILINTA for secondary prevention in patients with previous myocardial infarction, and EUCLID studying patients with Peripheral Artery Disease.

PARTHENON will provide an unparalleled dataset to build scientific understanding of BRILINTA in a broad a range of atherothrombotic conditions. AstraZeneca has approved more than 100 investigator sponsored studies, which will be starting during the coming year.

BRILINTA is currently not approved for the treatment of patients with ischemic stroke, TIA, peripheral artery disease, or for secondary prevention in patients with a history of previous myocardial infarction.

BRILINTA Indications

BRILINTA is indicated to reduce the rate of thrombotic cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with ACS (unstable angina [UA], non–ST-elevation myocardial infarction [NSTEMI], or ST-elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI]). In PLATO, BRILINTA has been shown to reduce the rate of a combined end point of CV death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke compared to clopidogrel. In PLATO, the difference between treatments was driven by CV death and MI with no difference in stroke. In patients treated with an artery-opening procedure known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), BRILINTA reduces the rate of stent thrombosis.

BRILINTA has been studied in ACS in combination with aspirin. Maintenance doses of aspirin above 100 mg decreased the effectiveness of BRILINTA. Avoid maintenance doses of aspirin above 100 mg daily.

References

1.Giacalone G, Abbas MA, Corea F. Prevention strategies for cardioembolic stroke: present and future perspectives. Open Neurol J. 2010; 4:56-63. doi: 10.2174/1874205X01004020056.

2.Silvestrelli G, Corea F, Micheli S, Lanari A. Clinical pharmacology and vascular risk.Open Neurol J. 2010;4:64-72. doi: 10.2174/1874205X01004020064.

Starting on 29 May 2013 with many Oral Sessions fresh updates on Stroke Large clinical trials (RCTs)
at 11:25-12:30 Room: Auditorium INTERACT2, STICH II, CHIMES, IST-3, SPS3, next day PC-Trial, RESPECT, ALIAS, PHANTOM-S, ICSS, EVA-3S, STICH II.
lamp

May anti depressants be helpfull in stroke recovery ? also in non depressed subjects ?

Double blind placebo controlled on benefit of prolonged release Levomilnacipran in ischemic stroke recovery. A phase II RCT sponsored by Pierre Fabre Medicament IRPF. First patient enrolled in France. Up to 90 participating centres, six Italian centres will join the project. Stay tuned.

 

 

 

 

 

The PREvention of VENous Thromboembolism In Hemorrhagic Stroke patients (PREVENTIHS) study started in june.

An Italian national  randomized open label trial, with blind follow on LMWH vs standard care in primary prevention of DVT or PE in hemorrhagic stroke. Coordinated by the Stroke Unit of Perugia University. Enrollement time 2 years planned size for 240 patients.

Participating centres:

Dipartimento di Medicina interna, Varese,

Stroke Unit, Reggio Emilia,

Medicina Interna,Ferrara,

Medicina Interna, Cecina,

Stroke Unit, Mantova,

Medicina Interna Vimercate,

Stroke Unit, Bologna

Unità Ictus San Giovanni Battista, Foligno.

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Here you can find the abstract book of the SIRN meeting in Milan. Here also available the oral communication on Apomorphine in SBI and slides by F. Corea in the morning session May 5th.

info f.corea@asl3.umbria.it

Ist 3 trial results will be presented in the next European Stroke conference meeting held in Lisbon on 22-25 May. With more than 3000 enrolled patients this is likely to be one of the larget acute stroke trials. Check out the official site and preliminary publications on Trials. 2011 Nov 30;12:252.